Brain Research is Getting More Attention

Posted by on Sep 16, 2013 in Main Page | 0 comments

NIH approves high-priority research within BRAIN Initiative

National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., today approved initial areas of high-priority brain research to guide $40 million of NIH fiscal year 2014 funding within the BRAINBrain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative. The initiative aims to accelerate work on technologies that give a dynamic picture of how individual cells and complex neural circuits interact. The ultimate goal is to enhance understanding of the brain and improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases.

The initiative was announced in April by President Obama . He called for a total of $110 million in the 2014 fiscal year budget to support the effort, of which $40 million is expected to be allocated by NIH.

“The time is right to exploit recent advances in neuroscience research and technologies to advance our understanding of the brain’s functions and processes and what causes them to go wrong in disease,” said Dr. Collins. “The BRAIN Working Group has been on a fast track to identify key areas of research for funding. This group of visionary neuroscientists has provided an excellent set of recommendations, and I am eager to move these areas forward.”

Generate a census of brain cell types

Create structural maps of the brain

Develop new, large-scale neural network recording capabilities

Develop a suite of tools for neural circuit manipulation

Link neuronal activity to behavior

Integrate theory, modeling, statistics and computation with neuroscience experiments

Delineate mechanisms underlying human brain imaging technologies

Create mechanisms to enable collection of human data for scientific research

Disseminate knowledge and training

Following President Obama’s announcement, Dr. Collins tasked a working group of his Advisory Committee to the Director (ACD) to identify high priority areas of research for fiscal 2014 funding and to develop a long-term scientific plan. The BRAIN Working Group today presented the high priority research areas to the ACD. The ACD fully endorsed the report and recommended that the NIH director accept them in full, which he did. The working group will continue to work over the course of the next eight to nine months to develop the longer term scientific plan, which is expected to be delivered to the ACD in June 2014.

The BRAIN Initiative is jointly led by NIH, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense, and the National Science Foundation. Private partners—including the Allen Institute for Brain Science, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Kavli Foundation—are also committed to ensuring success through investment in the initiative.

For more information about the BRAIN Initiative and the ACD working group:

NIH BRAIN Initiative website

NIH BRAIN Initiative Feedback website

NIH Advisory Committee to the Director BRAIN Working Group website

The Office of the Director, the central office at NIH, is responsible for setting policy for NIH, which includes 27 Institutes and Centers. This involves planning, managing, and coordinating the programs and activities of all NIH components. The Office of the Director also includes program offices which are responsible for stimulating specific areas of research throughout NIH. Additional information is available athttp://www.nih.gov/icd/od.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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